The island lies 3.2 km (2 mi) east of Java and is approximately 8 degrees south of the equator. Bali and Java are separated by the Bali Strait. East to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south; its land area is 5,632 km², with a population of around 4’000’000. The island is home to most of Indonesia’s Hindu minority. In the latest census about 90% of Bali's population adhered to Balinese Hinduism while most of the remainder follows Islam. It is also the largest tourist destination in the country and is renowned for its highly developed arts, including traditional and modern dances, sculpture, painting, leather metal work, and music. Bali, a tourist haven for decades, has seen a further large surge in tourist numbers in recent years.